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COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2020/228
of 19 February 2020
concerning the authorisation of erythrosine as a feed additive for dogs and cats
(Text with EEA relevance)
THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,
Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,
Having regard to Regulation (EC) No 1831/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 September 2003 on additives for use in animal nutrition (1), and in particular Article 9(2) thereof,
(1) Regulation (EC) No 1831/2003 provides for the authorisation of additives for use in animal nutrition and for the grounds and procedures for granting such authorisation. Article 10(2) of Regulation (EC) No 1831/2003 provides for the re-evaluation of additives authorised pursuant to Council Directive 70/524/EEC (2).
(2) Erythrosine was authorised without a time limit in accordance with Directive 70/524/EEC as a feed additive for ornamental fish belonging to the group 'colourants, including pigments', under the heading 'other colourants'. It was also authorised without a time limit as a feed additive for dogs and cats belonging to the group 'colourants, including pigments', under the heading 'colouring agents authorised for colouring foodstuffs by Community rules'. The additive was subsequently entered in the Register of feed additives as an existing product, in accordance with Article 10(1)(b) of Regulation (EC) No 1831/2003.
(3) In accordance with Article 10(2) of Regulation (EC) No 1831/2003 in conjunction with Article 7 thereof, an application was submitted for the re-evaluation of erythrosine as a feed additive for ornamental fish and for dogs and cats. The applicant requested the additive to be classified in the additive category 'sensory additive' and in the functional group 'colourants'. In accordance with Article 7 of Regulation (EC) No 1831/2003, the applicant also requested the authorisation of erythrosine as a feed additive for a new use in reptiles, to be classified in the additive category 'sensory additive' and in the functional group 'colourants'. Lately, the applicant withdrew the application for ornamental fish and for reptiles. The application was accompanied by the particulars and documents required under Article 7(3) of Regulation (EC) No 1831/2003.
(4) The European Food Safety Authority ('the Authority') concluded in its opinions of 16 November 2011 (3), 8 September 2015 (4) and 3 April 2019 (5) that, under the proposed conditions of use, erythrosine does not have an adverse effect on animal health. It also concluded that dermatological reactions, including photosensitivity, erythroderma and desquamation have been attributed to erythrosine and that an exposure of the lower respiratory tract is considered a hazard for the user of the additive. Therefore, the Commission considers that appropriate protective measures should be taken to prevent adverse effects on human health, in particular as regards the users of the additive. In accordance with Commission Regulation (EC) No 429/2008 (6), phase I of the environmental risk assessment has determined that erythrosine, as an additive intended for non-food producing animals, is exempted from further assessment due to the unlikelihood of a significant environmental effect, there being no scientifically-based evidence for concern having been identified by the Authority in its above-mentioned opinions. The Authority further concluded that the substance concerned is effective in adding colour to feedingstuffs and in favourably affecting the colour of ornamental fish. The Authority does not consider that there is a need for specific requirements of post-market monitoring. It also verified the report on the method of analysis of the feed additive in feed submitted by the Reference Laboratory set up by Regulation (EC) No 1831/2003.
(5) The assessment of the erythrosine shows that the conditions for authorisation, as provided for in Article 5 of Regulation (EC) No 1831/2003, are satisfied. Accordingly, the use of that additive should be authorised as specified in the Annex to this Regulation.
(6) Since safety reasons do not require the immediate application of the modifications to the conditions of authorisation of the substance concerned, it is appropriate to allow a transitional period for interested parties to prepare themselves to meet the new requirements resulting from the authorisation.
(7) The measures provided for in this Regulation are in accordance with the opinion of the Standing Committee on Plants, Animals, Food and Feed,
HAS ADOPTED THIS REGULATION:
The substance specified in the Annex, belonging to the additive category 'sensory additives' and to the functional group 'colourants', is authorised as an additive in animal nutrition, subject to the conditions laid down in that Annex.
1. The substance specified in the Annex and premixtures containing that substance, which are produced and labelled 11 September 2020 in accordance with the rules applicable before 11 March 2020 may continue to be placed on the market and used until the existing stocks are exhausted.
2. Feed materials and compound feed containing the substance specified in the Annex which are produced and labelled before 11 March 2022 in accordance with the rules applicable before 11 March 2020 may continue to be placed on the market and used until the existing stocks are exhausted.
Entry into force
This Regulation shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and directly applicable in all Member States.
Done at Brussels, 19 February 2020.
For the Commission
Ursula VON DER LEYEN
(2) Council Directive 70/524/EEC of 23 November 1970 concerning additives in feedingstuffs (OJ L 270, 14.12.1970, p. 1).
(3) EFSA Journal 2011;9(12):2447.
(4) EFSA Journal 2015;13(9):4233.
(5) EFSA Journal 2019;17(5):5699
(6) Commission Regulation (EC) No 429/2008 of 25 April 2008 on detailed rules for the implementation of Regulation (EC) No 1831/2003 of the European Parliament and of the Council as regards the preparation and the presentation of applications and the assessment and the authorisation of feed additives (OJ L 133, 22.5.2008, p. 1).
(1) Details of the analytical methods are available at the following address of the Reference Laboratory: https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/en/eurl/feed-additives/evaluation-reports
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