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In the textile and clothing industry, the application of nanotechnology is mainly to adjust and change the texture and performance of the original fiber or fabric through processing by using its extremely small volume, physical shape and unique physical characteristics, so that textile can produce new use functions and effects. Including: changing the appearance of the product, such as anti-shrinkage and anti-wrinkle; increasing the physical comfort of the product, such as skin-friendly, delicate, smooth, etc.; strengthening the product's own anti-pollution cleaning and other functions; highlighting the product's body care or health care functions, such as blocking ultraviolet rays, water repellent, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and so on.
Nanomaterials used in the functionalization of textiles
Antibacterial (odour), electrically conductive
UV protection, self-cleaning, water and dirt repellent
Water and dirt repellent, abrasion-resistant, reinforcement, improved dyeability
Aluminium oxide (Al2O3)
Abrasion resistance, flame retardant
Nanoclays (e.g. montmorillonite)
Abrasion resistance, flame retardant, support of active ingredients
Technology is a double-edged sword. While the application of nanotechnology and nanomaterials brings convenience to people's lives, it also brings certain safety issues. Because its volume is smaller than that of atoms, it has great advantages in application, but its harm is also a part of it. Small nanoparticles enter the human body through respiration, and can also enter through human skin to reach internal organs. If it interacts with proteins and bacteria, it may bring some new diseases, and then affect people's health. Therefore, it is necessary to do a good job in safety supervision and quality audit in the application of nanotechnology in the field of textiles and clothing.
Alfa Chemistry's testing solutions for nano textile
As a leader in the testing industry, Alfa Chemistry's experts have many years of testing experience, and can provide customized testing and assessment solutions for nanotechnology-processed garments to the nano product launch process for clothing enterprises. Our customized services include but are not limited: