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Solid waste refers to the solid or muddy substances discarded by human beings after extracting the desired components in the process of production, processing, circulation, consumption and life. In simple words - solid wastes are any discarded or abandoned materials, which mainly include solid particles, garbage, slag, sludge, abandoned products, damaged utensils, defective products, animal corpses, spoiled food, human and animal feces and so on. In some countries, high concentration liquids such as waste acid, waste alkali, waste oil and waste organic solvents are also classified as solid waste. Solid waste has the following characteristics:
1. The production source is scattered, the yield is large, the composition is complex, and the shape and nature are changeable;
2. Solid waste may contain hazardous wastes or pollutants that are toxic, flammable, explosive, radioactive, corrosive, reactive, infectious and pathogenic;
3. There are even pollutant-rich organisms, some of which are difficult to degrade or treat;
4. In addition, their emissions are uncertain and hidden.
These factors lead to the generation, discharge and disposal of solid waste, which will cause harm to resources, ecological environment, and the physical and mental health of the people. For example, toxic chemicals in industrial waste residue and sludge, pathogens in hospitals, slaughterhouses and mining wastes are brought into the soil as a result of waste stacking, polluting the soil. Growing crops on contaminated soil not only reduces soil fertility, but also enriches crops with toxic substances, which then affect human health through food. Therefore, the detection of solid waste is of great significance.
Alfa Chemistry Testing Lab provides customized testing solutions and authoritative third-party testing reports for solid waste and hazardous waste according to relevant standards.
Industrial solid waste
Construction waste, waste residue, waste chips, waste plastics, waste chemicals, sludge, tailings, packaging waste, greening waste, etc.
Domestic solid waste
Kitchen waste, packaging waste, feces, ash, green waste, etc.
Agricultural solid waste
Agricultural waste, crop waste, dung residue, animal remains, greening waste, etc.
Hazardous solid waste
Conventional samples: sludge, sewage, waste liquid, waste residue, catalyst residue, cinder, slag, etc.
Other samples: organic solvent waste, waste mineral oil, waste emulsion, dye coating waste, organic resin waste, photosensitive material waste, surface treatment waste, incineration disposal residue, copper waste, zinc waste, cadmium waste, Lead waste, inorganic fluoride waste, organic cyanide waste, waste acid, waste alkali, nickel waste, organometallic smelting residue, etc.
|Analysis items||Composition analysis, unknown analysis, comparative analysis, thermal analysis, qualitative and quantitative analysis, industrial analysis (moisture, ash, volatile, fixed carbon), ash fusion, microorganism, pathogen, etc.|
|Corrosiveness||Corrosion rate, pH|
|Leaching toxicity||Inorganic elements and compounds：copper, zinc, cadmium, lead, chromium, hexavalent chromium, alkyl mercury, beryllium, barium, nickel, total silver, arsenic, selenium, inorganic fluoride, cyanide, etc.|
Organic pesticides: DDT, BHC, dimethoate, parathion, methyl parathion, malathion, chlordane, hexachlorobenzene, toxaphene, mirex, etc.
Non-volatile organic compounds: nitrobenzene, dinitrobenzene, phenol, 2, 4-dichlorophenol, 2, 4, 6-trichlorophenol, benzo [a] pyrene, dibutyl phthalate, polychlorinated biphenyls, etc.
Volatile organic compounds: benzene, toluene, xylene, ethylbenzene, chlorobenzene, 1, 2-dichlorobenzene, 1, 4-dichlorobenzene, acrylonitrile, trichloromethane, carbon tetrachloride, trichloroethylene, tetrachloroethylene, etc.
|Flammability||Liquid flammability, solid flammability|
|Reactivity||Water flammable gas reactivity, hydrogen cyanide or hydrogen sulfide gas reactivity|
|Toxic substance content||Highly toxic substances: thiophenol, acrolein, chlorpyrifos, phorate, phosphonium, methomyl, aldicarb, nicotine|
Toxic substances: aminotriazole, paraquat, chlorothalonil, aniline, 1,4-phenylenediamine, 1,3-benzenediol, 1,4-benzenediol, benomyl, styrene, epichlorohydrin , acetone, glyphosate, diflubenzuron, 2,4-D, trichlorfon, diquat, diuron, dichlorvos, 1-butanol, isobutanol, tert-butanol, carbendazim, 1, 2-dichlorobenzene, etc.
Carcinogenic substances: 4-aminobiphenyl, benzo [b] fluoranthene, benzo [j] fluoranthene, benzo [k] fluoranthene, acrylonitrile, lawn ether, dibenzo (a, h) anthracene, 1, 3-dichloro-2-propanol, 1, 3-dichloro-2-propanol, 1, 2-dichloroethane, 2, 4-dinitrotoluene, 2, 6-dinitrotoluene, 4-methyl m-phenylenediamine, formaldehyde, o-toluene, α-chlorotoluene, chloromethyl methyl ether, vinyl chloride, 2-naphthylamine, trichloroethylene, 2-nitropropane, nitrobiphenyl
Mutagenic substances: benzo [a] pyrene, acrylamide, 1, 2-dibromo-3-chloropropane, diethyl sulfate, etc.
Alfa Chemistry Testing Lab is the world's leading third-party testing company, with advanced technical equipment and experienced testing experts, focusing on the testing of solid waste and hazardous waste. Alfa Chemistry Testing Lab provides one-stop analysis testing solutions to solid waste and hazardous waste according to the corresponding standards, and issues authoritative, scientific, fair and accurate testing reports for clients. For more information about solid waste and hazardous waste testing, please feel free to contact Alfa Chemistry's experts.
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